Roman coins archaeological evidence dating

Posted by / 01-Aug-2017 03:30

Roman coins archaeological evidence dating

Roman coins were also found at one or two places in Tamil Nadu but meagre in number.Places like Alagankulam, Kulathupalayam, Mamallapuram had yielded Roman Coins of 4 CAD.The route for trade then proceeds round the tip of the peninsula and up the coast, where of all the ports mentioned there we have now fairly detailed knowledge of one Arikamedu (known to the Periplus as Padouke), where extensive excavations in 1945 uncovered a sizeable Roman settlement which was a trading station, it would seem that the Romans were using Arikamedu from the first century BC to the early second century AD.The frequency of hoards of Roman coins found in the Deccan and south India indicate the volume of this trade.Numismatics is seldom taught in this country and then only as an adjunct to other pursuits; given the current attitude of colleges and universities to their numismatic holdings it is hard to see when the discipline will assume more than a minor role even in graduate curricula.The objective of the American Numismatic Society's Graduate Seminar has always been to provide an introduction to the discipline, not for the purpose of training professional numismatists but in order to make future members of the scholarly community aware of the existence and proper use of one extremely important form of evidence.Only in recent times has it been possible to determine with any degree of precision the metals of which a coin was comprised, so the older abbreviations have a use in describing the major component of a coin while disclaiming the precision of a scientific analysis.

In North America, where there was no academic tradition (but, above all, where there are no genuine finds of ancient coins), interest in coinage may be associated with the maturity of the country and interest in its origins.Normally in describing coins in prose the English terms are used, but standard catalogues almost universally employ abbreviations taken directly from the Latin rather than from the periodic table: thus AV ( Occasionally the abbreviations El (= electrum) and Bi (= billon, an alloy of silver in which the silver comprises less than 50%) are encountered, and Cu is becoming more common to describe copper.This literally unscientific terminology and abbreviation describes the principal element only; when standard chemical abbreviations are used, it is almost always in the context of a formal analysis of a coin's content.The metals selected had to be abundant enough to provide the raw material for an exchange medium, but scarce enough to have value in their own right, and the selection has varied from culture to culture.In China, the initial metal of choice was copper; in India, silver; and in the west, silver or an alloy of gold and silver known as electrum.

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The beginning of any discipline is the proper use of vocabulary and methodology, which this text has been prepared to introduce.

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